The discovery of “Wurm” thriving in a fissure with water, which was neither extreme in temperature nor depleted of O2 concentration, raised the question as to why only complex organisms were found. Several other species of lower invertebrates should have been able to thrive in these extreme environments, but were not previously discovered on Mars, until Mars Life teamed up with a Viking 1 supervisor Dr. Douglas A. O’Handley. An extreme and relentless 12- year continuous-study campaign was executed on the surface of Mars, which focused on capturing other life forms from water flowing in fractures. The modified Mars Exploration rover served to trap images. For the first time, digital picture technology was used to capture footage of the unique biosphere environment accessed via rover tracks, where many organisms similar to “Wurm” reside inside the soil. This technique was extended to other areas on Mars where the rover cameras could be used with the Rock Abration Tool (RAT) tool to churn up soil samples. As soon as (RAT) was deployed, an organism appeared mere inches away from the NASA – JPL rover.
Chemical and microbial analysis of the fissure water, hydrated sulphates – evidence of past presence of liquid water concentration — and measurements combining extensive control sampling around fractures and surface water established the indigenous nature of the specimens discovered on Mars.
We assert the discovery of a deep fissure organism, “Wurm”, which could be protozoan. It appears to promote an arbitrary separation of “animal-like“ form, “plant-like” existence, reminiscent of “primitive, or original animals”. Previous calculations of life on Mars, if any, indicated that food availability, not O2 or CO2, is a limiting factor for population growth. Picture footage shows several types of organisms growing in the soil and rock face, and with a detailed picture collection of these organisms establishes that this site is where the organisms reside. The discovery of a complex group of interacting organisms in the subsurface soil indicates the biosphere on Mars is larger than previously determined and is significant for the search for life on other planets, particularly the planets Titan and Enceladus.