Oxygen in the subsurface soil
The “Katapillar” was found thriving in a subsurface soil fracture and fissure water on Mars. The subsurface soil which were neither too extreme in temperature nor too depleted in O2 concentration. This raised the question as to why only complex organisms were found. The Katapillar is a species not previously observed and may survive without sunlight. Supersaturated water and oxygen allow organisms to thrive in these extreme environments.
For this reason we worked with a Viking 1 supervisor Dr. Douglas A. O’Handley. An extreme and relentless 12- year continuous study campaign was executed on the surface of Mars. We had the team focused on capturing other life forms from flowing fracture waters in the subsurface soil. We only used the modified Mars Exploration rover for trapping images.
RAT tool on the rover
For the first time, digital photo technology was used to capture footage of the unique biosphere environment accessed via rover tracks. Our study concludes that many organisms similar to “Katapillar” reside inside the subsurface soil. This study was extended to other areas on Mars as well. Manly SOL’S where the rover has disturbed subsurface soil. The cameras closest view with the Rock Abration Tool (RAT) tool display churned up soil samples.
As soon as (RAT) was deployed, another organism much like “Wurm” appeared mere inches away from the NASA – JPL rover. Chemical and microbial analysis of the fissure water. The team agreed that hydrated sulphates – evidence of past presence of liquid water are present.
These concentration measurements in combination with extensive control magnification sampling. In rover tracks and around fractures and subsurface soil water established the indigenous nature of the specimens discovered on Mars.
We assert the discovery in the shallow subsurface soil to be an organism, “Katapillar”. Katapillar could be protozoan, which promotes an arbitrary separation of “animal-like“ from “plant-like” meaning “primitive, or original animals” organisms.
“Previous calculations of life on Mars have changed”, cautioned Dr. O’ Handley. He indicated that food availability, not O2 or CO2, is a limiting factor for population growth. Picture footage shows organisms growing in the subsurface soil and rock face.
72 to 85 degrees along the Equator
Dr. E. C. Slipher, a senior astronomer and member of the observatory staff for 50 years. He was considered to be one of the worlds foremost authorities with the planet Mars in his time. He stated as far back as 1954 that the temperature on Mars sometimes reaches a balmy 85 degrees. This was determined July 2, 1954, while he participated in a Lowell Mars Expedition. Dr. Slipher’s announcement aired to the entire world, December 4, 1957.
On Mars, in the summertime, temperatures range from a positive 72 to 85 degrees along the Elysium Planitia. This latitudinal warmth boundaries extend for well over 1,200 miles towards the North and South Poles. These warm temperatures and longer seasons have supported life on Mars for billions of years just like Earth.
We reviewed a detailed picture collection of these organisms which establishes that this site is where the organisms reside. The discovery of a complex group of interacting organisms in the subsurface soil. Therefore, this study indicates that the biosphere on Mars is much larger than previously determined. This life form is related to “Wurm” because it was discovered in the subsurface soil in the rover tracks. Equally important, The team named it “Katapillar.”
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